Frequently Asked Questions

Nodes

What is a Mysterium Node?

Nodes are devices, such as a Raspberry Pi or computer, which help power and maintain our distributed network.

Most of the internet you pay for goes to waste, sitting idle or completely unused. Peers within a distributed network like ours can easily share these excess internet resources with each other, such as storage, computing power, bandwidth and IP addresses. Any user of the network can pay to connect to your node, providing them with a VPN service, access to the open internet and a secure line of communication.

Nodes replace the traditional role of a server. You can run Mysterium's node software on Mac, Linux, Windows, DAppNode, AVADO and Raspberry Pi.

Head to mystnodes.com to get started.

How do you encrypt the network?

While both decentralised VPNs and Tor both leverage networks, Tor’s main goal and purpose is to offer anonymity. Mysterium's goal is about censorship-resistance and unblocking content.

Tor uses a different encryption method, functioning more similarly to an encrypted proxy, which means that not all traffic from your computer is going via the Tor network. As an encrypted browser, it’s only what you’re browsing or accessing through the browser that is protected (Tor essentially protects its own browser).

With a dVPN, we use VPN tunnels. This means you’re protected when you’re accessing apps, browsing content, encrypted messaging services etc. All your internet traffic is going via an encrypted VPN tunnel using UDP communication protocol.

Tor is using TCP, which is slower - sometimes up to 10 times slower!

How will running a node affect my home internet?

Running a node should have very little impact on your home internet.While you may notice from time to time that your internet is slower, it’s unlikely that any speed downgrade will be noticeable.

If it is, you can always check ashboard, or your local  user interface, to see if there are any active sessions that may be affecting your connection.

What is whitelisted traffic?

Whitelisted traffic is a technology built by Mysterium that only allows pre-approved traffic from “known” sources to pass through your node. This means you’ll have no problems if someone tries to do anything illegal, because they will not be able to.

Unfortunately there are some countries that restrict internet access to their citizens. Your residential IP will open borders for those connecting to them. People will also be able to unlock streaming services based on your region and other blocked content.

Where do I check and withdraw my earnings?

You can find:Total earnings on Nodes list

Total earnings and Balance available to withdraw on Node's internal NodeUI: http://[ip-of-your-node]:4449

You can withdraw your Balance from Node's internal NodeUI: http://[ip-of-your-node]:4449

What are "Total earnings", "Unsettled earnings" and "Balance" I see in the NodeUI?

Total earnings - these are your all time earnings from this node before settlement and withdrawal fees.

Unsettled earnings - These are confirmed earnings which are not settled to your Balance yet. Settlement to Balance is done either automatically when 5 MYST is reached or manually when SETTLE button is clicked.

Applicable settlement fees -
Network settlement fee: 20% (fixed fee).
Blockchain transaction fees: dynamic depending on blockchain conditions and congestion.

Balance - these are your earnings after settlement fees. This balance can be withdrawn to your external wallet at any time.

Example - Let's say your Unsettled earnings reached 5 MYST and are being settled to Balance. In this case 1 MYST will be deducted as 20% network settlement fee plus blockchain fees which are dynamic.

Why does my Node show as Offline on the Nodes list?

Please try these steps to troubleshoot:

1. Make sure Node is running for at least 10 minutes.

2. Make sure Node is ONLINE in NodeUI at [ip-of-your-node]:4449.

3. Make sure Node's identity is available in Discovery service.
Attach your Node identity to this link: https://discovery.mysterium.network/api/v3/proposals?include_monitoring_failed=true&provider_id=[node-identity].

If it loads your Node's info then it means it's available to VPN consumers.

4. If none of the above work, please contact our support team, state which of the above steps fail and also include your Node's identity, version and OS for troubleshooting

Why can't I see my node on the dVPN app list?

That does not necessarily indicate a problem with your node. If your node shows as Online on Nodes list then it means it's available for dVPN users to connect (Note: please allow up to 10 minutes for a newly connected node to become Online on Nodes list).

You can also check NodeUI for incoming sessions, if you see any then it also means your node is working fine and is available for users to connect.

There might be several reasons why you don't see your node on your dVPN app, but the most common would be:

1. In dVPN apps available nodes are displayed based on quality and suitability for the device which is used to connect to VPN. It takes some time to evaluate the new node's quality thus it won't show up in the list instantly.

2. Incompatibility between network connection on your Node and your device with dVPN app can also be the reason. Please read more about troubleshooting network configuration related issues here.

The new onboarding flow did not work for my Node and I could not claim my Node there.

If the new onboarding flow did not work then try going to your NodeUI at [ip-of-your-node]:4449 and claim manually by entering your API key which you can find at Your profile.

Mainnet migration - what do I need to know?

Bounties are replaced by P2P payments

Mysterium Network Mainnet provides new opportunities for both VPN consumers and Exit node runners. Bounties are replaced by peer-to-peer payments based on supply and demand, in other words VPN consumers pay Exit node runners for their services.

All bounties collected on Testnet3 during November will be paid as usual according to Bounty rules. The last day for accumulating bounties was the 30th of November, 2021.

Important: After this date there are no rewards for running a node in Testnet3 anymore.

What happens to my MYSTT (test tokens) accumulated on Testnet (via my.mysterium.network)?

Starting with the Mainnet release, real MYST tokens are used for peer-to-peer payments between consumers and providers. On MainNet each node starts with 0 MYST balance which can be withdrawn by the user anytime.

Accumulated MYSTT are not migrated to Mainnet as they are test tokens and stay on Testnet. MYSTT were used only for calculating providers' share of bounties, in other words bounties in real MYST were paid according to accumulated MYSTT tokens.

The last month for bounties was November, 2021 and bounties were paid as usual in the beginning of December, 2021. If the provider did not collect enough MYSTT (at least 5) or did not fulfill any other requirement to qualify for bounty then MYSTT tokens were reset to 0 after 1st of December and there are no additional rewards for running nodes in Testnet after the 1st of December, 2021.

Migration to Mainnet

Once your node is migrated to Mainnet, you will automatically start earning in a new way based on supply and demand as explained in Payout Rules.

Migration happens automatically by updating your node software.

Steps to claim your node on MystNodes.com:

1. Upgrade your nodes software to the MainNet version. Check the Help Center if you need additional support.
2. Go to internal NodeUI: http://[ip-of-your-node]:4449
3. Enter your API token to the NodeUI settings panel (your API token is the same as before. If needed, you can find it on your User profile)
4. You should now see your node on the Nodes list (please allow up to 10 minutes for a newly connected node to become Online on Nodes list).

How can I maximize my earning potential?

1. Don’t enable the only “whitelisted traffic option” if you’re not based in the following countries: Canada, U.S., UK, Italy, Australia, Germany or India.

2. Have a strong and stable  internet connection.

3. Run your node 24/7; some user sessions can be very long and if you are disconnected from a client, they will be reconnected to a more competitive node, which means losing that client.  

4. Double-check your configuration and ensure users can access your node.

5. When users have discovered your node, bookmark it as a favourite.

Note that prices will be set based on a supply and demand algorithm for each region. The algorithm will assess the node type, which considers factors such as region, IP location (residential / non-residential), and quality.

It could be compared to Uber’s surge pricing, where demand determines price based on the availability of the network.

Note that Mysterium isn’t particularly demanding of your CPU, it cares more about bandwidth. If you’re not getting traffic, it could be because your node is poorly configured E.g. Your router is blocking Mysterium traffic, which you’ll need to correct by downloading the Mysterium VPN app and check the connection.

VPN

What is Mysterium VPN?

Mysterium VPN is the first network use case in action. Our dVPN is our flagship product and showcases the potential of our residential IP network.

The MysteriumVPN is available for download on Windows, Mac, Linux and Android.

Trustless technology
Payments between consumers and service providers are settled on blockchain; You can enter or leave the network in a permissionless manner.Finally, we’re open source, so you can pop by and poke your head in any time you like.

No centralised logs
Mysterium Network is a privacy solution at its core. It’s technologically impossible for us to store logs centrally, as traffic is distributed across our global network of residential IPs.

Pay as you go
Using our micropayments system, Hermes Protocol, you only pay for the gigabytes you actually use. No subscriptions, no monthly fees – just minute-by-minute payments.

Access what you want, when you want
Our network is blind to borders. Select any IP you like from our global list and get unlimited access to worldwide content. Mysterium VPN comes with an automatic free trial so you can take the app for a spin.

How is Mysterium VPN different from regular VPNs?

A regular VPN seems much simpler, because a company simplifies everything with a nice user interface and additional features. You can run an app in the background, or connect through a browser extension, while you access sites around the world.

Your VPN provider will keep you hidden and encrypt all of your data, directing all your traffic to a remote server owned or hired by them. You can usually choose from a list of servers located across the world, so you’re able to access the internet via a secure and private connection, and unblock your content based on where a website is located. However, your protection has its limits, and you won’t be completely anonymous.

A decentralized VPN mimics the architecture of Tor more closely, but has the same ease of use as a VPN. As a peer to peer system, you plug into a global network of nodes run by people voluntarily. Unlike Tor network, all nodes are paid for providing the VPN service and keeping the network powered and safe. This dApp (decentralised application) allows people to select the connection from a list of available nodes (mostly providing residential IP addresses) from around the world.

Traffic is encrypted and directed through the network, and users pay the provider for the minutes they are connected and the traffic they’re sending through those nodes.

What can I do with a VPN?

Can't find a movie in your local Netflix library? Is twitter banned in your country?

VPNs are helpful and legal workarounds to content restrictions.

Just download the Mysterium VPN service, choose a country IP address to connect to and begin watching whatever you'd like.

VPNs also ensure data confidentiality. They protects you against online threats such as hacking, identity theft, and internet service providers tracking and selling your internet data to advertisers.

How much does it cost to use Mysterium VPN?

Our VPN is fully pay-as-you-go, so you only pay for the gigabytes you actually use. No subscriptions, no monthly fees – just minute-by-minute payments.

1 MYST can give you up to 100Gb of browsing and streaming.  

You can also top up with most popular cryptocurrencies, such as BTC, ETH, DAI, LTC etc.

How to top up my account using crypto?

Navigate to Wallet and select "Top up":

1.
Select the amount of MYST to top up, or choose a predefined amount.
2. Select your preferred currency (Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Dai, Ethereum, Litecoin, Tether, MYST). Transactions for Bitcoin and Litecoin can be conducted on lightning networks.
3. Send the indicated amount to the given address.
4. Once a transaction is verified, it will take up to 5 minutes until your tokens appear in your wallet.

How to top up my account using regular cash?

1. Click on your current account balance and click on the "Top-Up" button at the bottom.
2. Select how much MYST you would like to add into your account and your payment method (crypto or fiat).
3. For Fiat top-ups you then have to choose the fiat payment currency you'll be using.
4. You will then be directed to a screen where you can finish your transaction using your credit card.

Does Mysterium VPN work in China?

Yes, we’re very happy that our VPN works in China so we can support the community there. But this is a constant cat and mouse game, and sometimes we are blocked yet again. However, we will continue refining our bypassing techniques. We actually have a pretty nice article for you to read about this.

Do you plan on adding multi-hop routing?

At the moment, all nodes are being tested as exit nodes. This is where the whitelisting option comes into play. We will soon add relay nodes with a traffic slicing option. This will allow nodes to only accept traffic from certain domains they choose, such as blogging, social media or streaming sites (ie. Netflix).

This preselected (whitelisted) traffic would run through the node, while unwanted traffic would be forwarded to the Tor network, or risk-tolerant exit nodes (eg. hosted in data centers). This will protect nodes and also provide the possibility to unblock geo-blocked content (which is not available for datacenter nodes).

We are working on making this feature user friendly and globally accessible. Without client-side traffic slicing (sending only selected traffic such as Netflix via VPN) or relay nodes (a.k.a. multi-hops), using whitelisted nodes may cause additional usability problems. For example, if someone is in Iran, connects to a node which has whitelisted only streaming services, but they want to read Wikipedia, they would not get access.

My VPN app is frozen - what should I do?

Try the following

1. Close the app and open it again
2. Reboot/restart your phone (turn off/turn on) and computer
3. Delete the app and reinstall it again.

Can nodes see my traffic?

In theory, this is possible. It holds with the same potential as Tor, which is that an exit node could potentially see traffic if a user is looking at unencrypted sites (eg. A site without HTTPS). The person running the exit node would have to have a sophisticated understanding and tools in order to do this, so it’s not a huge concern for network users.

In theory, this is possible. It holds with the same potential as Tor, which is that an exit node could potentially see traffic if a user is looking at unencrypted sites (eg. A site without HTTPS). The person running the exit node would have to have a sophisticated understanding and tools in order to do this, so it’s not a huge concern for network users.

Are VPNs legal?

That depends where you are. VPNs are legal in the vast majority of the world.

Companies, government institutions and individuals popularly use VPNs to safeguard confidentiality and internet privacy while also using VPNs to access information and content around the world.