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Frequently Asked Questions

Common questions asked by our community


Everyone has questions about how to properly run a Mysterium node, but not all questions are alike. In different stages of setup, different things matter. This guide answers questions that people commonly have at many step along the journey to Mysterium node run.

What is Mysterium Network?

We are building a permissionless VPN Node Network to help rewire the fabric of the internet.

Our node software is available on Linux (including Raspberry Pi) and Mac. We are currently running an incentivised research and development initiative. Live in the UK, US, Italy, Germany, Australia or the Netherlands? Find out more.

What is the Mysterium Node Pilot?

The Mysterium Node Pilot is an R&D initiative to help us with rigorous feedback loops while we build a global permissionless VPN network.

For details on our node bounty, click here.

Find out more about how you can turn your wifi into a business here.

I suspect that my hosting provider blocks ports, what to do?

For some hosting providers it is common to open just some pre-defined ports that are commonly used. Try setting any random service to test if incoming UDP port (i.e. 1194) is open. You can try using custom port using openvpn.port=1234 option.

Sometimes hosting providers block most UDP ports altogether, even outgoing ones. In that case You can still run a node using TCP protocol. You can do that using -openvpn.proto=TCP option.

I launched a node, how to know if it is working?

Best is to test with a client. Still there are other ways to be reasonably sure. If you run your node via docker, check its status and logs:

# docker ps -a
# docker logs -f myst

You should see myst container running. If not, check the logs. You should see something like this:

...
[Mysterium.api] Identity registered: 0x4cd126119cd14e38c90e34dd8b6e0e2174b71123
[Mysterium.api] Proposal pinged for node: 0x4cd126119cd14e38c90e34dd8b6e0e2174b71123
...

It means that node successfully registered to discovery and its service proposal is available for mysterium network clients.

If you are running it as a service, you can do a service status check:

sudo systemctl status mysterium-node.service

I want to backup / restore my identity, how should I do that?

On the first run node generates its identity automatically. Later this identity is reused each time node is started. If You run Mysterium Network node from sources, binaries or deb packages You can find Your identity in keystore directory in Your data directory (i.e. --data-dir=/var/lib/mysterium-node).

If You use docker image, it is strongly recommended not to store identity inside docker container (since You might need to remove container in order to upgrade), but to mount Your keystore from Your host to container using -v host_volume:container_volume option as follows:

docker run --cap-add NET_ADMIN --net host -v /home/mysterium-node:/var/lib/mysterium-node --name myst -d mysteriumnetwork/myst service --agreed-terms-and-conditions

How should I set a passphrase for node identity?

By default, generated identity is not protected with any password, that is password is an empty string. If You want to generate a password protected identity You can add --identity.passphrase to running command:

docker run --cap-add NET_ADMIN --net host --name myst -d mysteriumnetwork/myst service --identity.passphrase=your_passphrase_here

If You have multiple identities, You can choose exact identity using --identity option. If no identity exists, new one will be created automatically.

After node restart, if no --identity option is present, last one used will be reused.

My node is reporting it's country incorrectly

The nodes location is detected automatically when the node is started. However, any location detection is always an estimate. We're using MaxMind for these estimates. If your node is showing an incorrect country, you can fill out the MaxMind GeoIP correction form. After your correction is accepted your node location should start showing the correct country. To reload the location, please restart your node. Take note that it could take up to a week for the changes to be visible on our end.

VPN speed through my node is really low, what can I do?

Speed is affected by many things. What to check:

  • What is the speed between Your desktop and server host without VPN?
  • What is delay from Your desktop to host?
  • Does Your hosting provider guarantees You a certain minimal throughput?
  • Does the speed depends on the time of day?
  • Do You have free resources on Your host? (idle CPU / free memory)

To achieve best results, client (desktop computer) has to be as close (low delay) as possible. Try a different node if speed is constantly low.

Supported node runner platforms

You can find the list here.

Multiple nodes on a single network

We do not support multiple devices under a single internet line. Having multiple nodes will likely to affect your internet connection quality as well as reduce service stability.

Each node must be linked to a different residential IP address, so unless you have multiple routers, each with their own IP and node linked to it, it's not possible.

Bounties will not be paid to node runners running multiple nodes under the same IP address.

How does Mysterium Network use whitelisting to protect users?

A whitelist is a list of items which is given permission to access certain systems or protocols. Programs, computers and companies use these lists to know who their trusted users or sources are. When a whitelist is used, every other participant is denied access until the network approves them.

In the case of Mysterium Network, we have a whitelist that we use to protect our nodes from malicious incoming traffic. It’s an in-built security feature that allows us to protect node runners like you so that you only receive “clean” traffic.

This is the default setting of our node runner software. In the future, this whitelist will include partners who have met our KYC rules. Right now, the only traffic that passes through your node is the test traffic sent from Mysterium Team.

In the future, we will identify and block bad actors from our network through the use of registered identities (Mysterium ID) and a network-wide reputation system.

You can read more about this and our whitelisting policy in our blog!

How will running a node affect my home internet?

Running a node should have very little impact on your home internet.

While you may notice from time to time that your internet is slower, it’s unlikely that any speed downgrade will be noticeable.

If it is, you can always check my.mysterium.network dashboard, or your local RPI user interface, to see if there are any active sessions that may be affecting your connection.

Do dynamic IP addresses affect my node?

Dynamic IP addresses should not affect your node since the IP changes usually happen during router reboot or during ISP maintenance windows.

If you restarted the router or for any reason the IP changed, current ongoing sessions would be interrupted/dropped. The clients would have to reconnect, but otherwise you wouldn't need to do anything.

Where I can get the Mysterium Network node software?

Docker image

You can download Mysterium image from DockerHub directly:

docker pull mysteriumnetwork/myst

It will download the latest version of node.

Launchpad repository

Latest stable and developmenet releases are published on launchpad

Packages and binaries

Latest stable versions can be found in releases section of Github.

Sources

If you are willing to try latest and greatest, you can fetch sources:

git clone https://github.com/mysteriumnetwork/node.git

Routers without UPnP capability

For routers without UPnP you do not need to do anything. Connectivity issues are solved through built-in NAT hole punching capabilities, therefore you should not configure port forwarding to any ports manually.

If this approach does not work for you and you want to manually forward some port, you will also need to configure your node to run the service on that port.

How to configure OpenVPN & WireGuard services port.

Every time I reboot a host, I see unneeded firewall rules

Depending on Linux distribution You run, there might be different default firewall policies. Sometimes You might need to change / disable certain default policies. See respective firewall documentation of Your OS.

In some cases, firewall rules that are being introduced by docker package might interfere with Mysterium Network node rules (such as in Centos7 for example). In that case try changing conflicting rules or disable extended firewall rules by docker altogether. This might be achieved passing --iptables=false option before starting docker service.

I suspect that my firewall blocks access, what to do?

You can check all firewall rules with these commands:

# iptables -L -n # iptables -L -n -t nat

To completely strip host of firewall rules and chains You can do:

# iptables -F # iptables -t nat -F # iptables -X

OpenVPN & WireGuard services port configuration

Warning: Your node should be accessible through built-in NAT hole punching capabilities. If that doesn't work, you can try the following.

For Raspberry PI nodes, the OpenVPN service port can be set directly under Settings page in the Node UI (http://[node_ip]:4449). Once that is done, hit save and it will be automatically adjusted in the configuration file.

For all other types of configuration, you will need to modify the /etc/default/mysterium-node configuration file and change the service options (OpenVPN and WireGuard) there.

If you run a command line node, use the service command options.

For example, if you'd like your OpenVPN service to run on port 1194 and WireGuard service to listen on 52820:53075 range of ports, then use the following flags:

--openvpn.port=1194
--wireguard.listen.ports=52820:53705

Note! It is required to set ports needed for P2P communication too (range of P2P listen ports (e.g. 51820:52075)):

--p2p.listen.ports=51820:52075

In the end it would look like this:

DAEMON_OPTS="--p2p.listen.ports=51820:52075 --keystore.lightweight"
SERVICE_OPTS="--openvpn.port=1194 --wireguard.listen.ports=52820:53705 openvpn,wireguard"

IMPORTANT: Don't forget to set selected port forwarding on your router.

Installing a Mysterium node using prebuilt DEB package

Prebuilt DEB packages are available for downloading from the Mysterium node repository release page: https://github.com/mysteriumnetwork/node/releases

  1. Download myst_linux_amd46.deb or any other available package (depending on your OS);
  2. Install the downloaded package:
sudo dpkg -i myst_linux_amd64.debsudo apt-get -f install

After the installation, the mysterium-node service be running automatically.

You can use a sudo systemctl status mysterium-node command to make sure a service is running correctly.

If you want to change configuration parameters of the running service you can change a /etc/default/mysterium-node file and restart a service:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl restart mysterium-node
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